quinta-feira, janeiro 15, 2009

401) Aproximacao entre China, Japao e Coreia do Sul

Os comunicados abaixo tornam manifesto o desejo de estreitamento da cooperação econômica e política entre as três principais economias da Ásia-Pacífico, Japão, China e Coréia, países que, no passado, estiveram divididos por sérios conflitos político-militares, ocupação e guerra japonesa contra a China, colonização da Coréia e profundos ressentimentos nesses dois últimos países com relação aos crimes de guerra e contra a humanidade cometidas pelo governo fascista-militarista do Japão pré-1945 em direção dos seus povos.
Podemos estar assistindo a uma nova etapa nessas relações...

Japan-China-ROK Trilateral Summit
Joint Statement for Tripartite Partnership

We, the heads of Government/State of Japan, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Korea met in Fukuoka, Japan on 13 December 2008.
We gathered here to help lay a solid foundation in promoting our tripartite cooperation in the years to come, building upon progress to date.
Our economies are dynamic, resilient and closely interlinked. Our cultural and people-to-people ties are strong. We share common challenges as well as opportunities. We uphold visions and responsibilities for creating a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable future for the region and international community, and our tripartite cooperation contributes to achieving that goal.
We are content with the achievements made so far in the tripartite cooperation in enhancing mutual political trust, increasing trade and economic contact, expanding social and cultural exchange and strengthening financial cooperation. We have committed ourselves to further promote our trilateral cooperation building on these achievements.
We have reached common recognition that the tripartite cooperation will be guided under the principle of openness, transparency, mutual trust, common interest and respect for our diverse cultures, and that it will contribute to advancing wider regional cooperation frameworks such as ASEAN+3, EAS, ARF and APEC in a complementary and mutually reinforcing manner. At the same time, we shared the common understanding that our tripartite cooperation is crucial to address the serious challenges in the global economy and the financial markets. We are determined to pursue comprehensive cooperation including political, economic, social and cultural fields within both governmental and non-governmental frameworks in the future-oriented manner.
We are convinced that our Summit Meeting will pave the way for a new era of tripartite partnership which will lead to the peace and sustainable development in the region.
Recognising the importance of this first-ever Trilateral Summit Meeting held independently of other occasions, we decided to hold the Summit in the three countries on a regular basis. We look forward to meeting again in China next year.

Fukuoka, 13 December 2008.

Taro Aso, Prime Minister of Japan

Wen Jiabao, Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China

Lee Myung-bak, President of the Republic of Korea

Japan-China-ROK Trilateral Summit
Joint Statement on the International Finance and Economy

The three leaders of the People's Republic of China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea shared the view that it is necessary to strengthen cooperation among the three countries in order to cope with the situation, in an effective manner, where the world economy and the financial markets are facing serious challenges.
The three leaders underlined the importance of a series of international meetings and cooperative efforts aimed at stabilizing financial markets and restoring global growth. In particular, they reaffirmed their commitment to implement the Declaration of the Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy, including "Action Plan to Implement Principles for Reform".
The three leaders stressed the importance of further enhancing regional cooperation to address the turmoil of financial markets. They welcomed the results of the Trilateral Finance Ministers' Meeting among China, Japan and Korea on 14 November 2008 in Washington D.C. and the recent decisions on the increase in the size of the bilateral swap arrangements among the three countries. They also welcomed the setting up of the Tripartite Governors' Meeting of the Three Central Banks to be held on a regular basis, announced on 10 December 2008. They also reiterated their commitment to work with ASEAN members to expedite the process of the Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralization and strengthen the regional surveillance mechanism for effective monitoring on the regional economy and financial markets. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) would play an important role in assisting developing countries in the Asian region affected by the financial turmoil, in particular for infrastructure development and trade finance. To this end, they called for an early agreement on the Fifth General Capital Increase of ADB.
The three leaders shared the view that efforts need to be strengthened to minimize the negative impacts that the current financial turmoil could have on the world economy, and to facilitate trade and investment in the region as well as promote the regional cooperation. They shared the view that Asian countries are expected to play a role as 'the center of world economic growth' in order to reverse the downward trend of the world economy and return it to the path of sustainable growth. They affirmed three countries should play a greater role in this regard. They welcomed that "Action Agenda for Improvement of The Business Environment" for three countries was made public.
The three leaders reiterated their commitment to investment and trade in goods and services, as set forth in the Declaration of the Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy and the Lima APEC Leaders' Statement on the Global Economy. Moreover, in order to counter protectionism, they declared that the three governments would continue to make efforts, to reach an ambitious, balanced, and comprehensive conclusion of the Doha Development Agenda as early as possible. They also shared the view that, within the next 12 months, the three governments will refrain from raising new barriers to investment or to trade in goods and services, from imposing new export restrictions, or from implementing WTO inconsistent measures to stimulate exports.
The three leaders emphasized the importance of promoting cooperation among Asian countries not only in the financial sector but also in the real economy. They also confirmed the significance of measures that will reinforce growth and expand domestic demand and are determined to work closely and strengthen the trilateral cooperation to facilitate Asian countries' efforts in order to overcome the negative impacts resulting from the current international financial crisis and achieve self-sustainable growth in Asia. In this regard, they reaffirmed the importance of assisting the steadfast progress of ASEAN integration.

Fukuoka, 13 December 2008.

Nenhum comentário: